NOTES ALEXANDRU DUTU (Bucharest, Romania) Cultural Models in the Southeast European Enlightenment The rise of modern states in Southeastern Europe has insistently called his- torians' attention to different aspects of evolving political institutions and diplo- matic relations. But, only recently have transformations of mental structures been considered in order to elucidate completely an epoch in which new fields of intellectual activity were discovered and traditional conceptual schema modified. The tendency to label a whole phase of civilization after analyzing a single set of data indicate how rapidly partial research reached its limits; this tendency provoked the rise of intellectual history, which then claimed the right to contribute "to the organization and understanding of history as a whole."i Toward the end of this phase, new social groups in all societies of Southeastern Europe conceived new cultural forms which resembled Western ones and differed from those which had predominated in past centuries. But does this major aspect entitle scholars to designate the whole modern period as a phase of "Westerniza- tion" in which the imitation of Western models helped people to emerge from an "intellectual backwater"? No doubt, interest in social and political problems increased, and new solutions were reached
Southeastern Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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