Society and Animals 17 (2009) 224-240 www.brill.nl/soan © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156853009X445398 Cross-Cultural Comparison of Student Attitudes toward Snakes Pavol Prokop, a Murat Özel b & Muhammet Uşak c a) University of Trnava, Trnava, Slovakia Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia email@example.com b) Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey firstname.lastname@example.org c) Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey email@example.com Abstract Th ere is an increasing amount of research focusing on the origin of the human fear of animals. However, other dimensions of human views of frightening animals have been largely neglected. Th is study investigated attitudes toward snakes. Th e Snake Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ), which consisted of 58 Likert-type items (Cronbach’s α = 0.91), was administered in a sample of stu- dents from two countries (Turkey and Slovakia). Students showed negative attitudes toward snakes, especially within the Negativistic and Naturalistic dimensions. Turkish students showed more positive Scientistic and Naturalistic attitudes than Slovakian students, and females showed more negative attitudes toward snakes than males. Although biology majors had more positive attitudes, compared with nonbiology majors, knowledge of snakes and beliefs about untrue myths were similar between these two subgroups. Our research indicates that fear of snakes negatively inﬂ
Society & Animals – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: MYTHS; KEEPING PETS; ANIMALS; SNAKES; ATTITUDES
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