41 René van Swaaningen1 Critical Criminology on the European Continent: Its History, Rise, Fall and Resurrection 1. INTRODUCTION Due to the wide diversity of languages on the continent, European studies on crime and its control have remained rather unnoticed outside of the borders of a certain national state. Ger- man, Italian or Dutch criminologists know the debates which take place in their own country, but in general they know more about the criminological studies carried out in North America or Australia than about those from a neighbouring country. Therefore I accepted with pleas- ure the editors' invitation to write an article on the development of critical criminology on the European continent journal. It seems, however, worthwhile to assess briefly what I mean by the term critical criminology and how I see it rooted in the criminological discipline as a whole. In conclusion, I will explain why I think a reassessment of critical criminology is both necessary and worthwhile, and what the 'European heritage' brings us in respect to the future of criminology. 2. WHAT IS CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY? ' ' In the 1960s, a younger generation of criminologists began to argue against the dominant traditions in the discipline which
European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1998
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