COPYRIGHT ANDFREESPEECH COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSES

COPYRIGHT ANDFREESPEECH COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSES b e f o r e they c a n c a u s e w i d e s p r e a d i n j u r y to c o n s u m e r s . This h a s been s h o w n to be p a r t i c u l a r l y r e l e v a n t in c a s e s involving a u t o m o b i l e s a n d f o o d p r o d u c t s . Overall, therefore, p r o d u c t liability l a w is a vital p a r t o f t h e g e n e r a l law p r o t e c t i n g c o n s u m e r s , both on a n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l basis, which m a k e s this b o o k a very i n t e r e s t i n g crnd i t s 4 i i l r e a d . f à r a n y o n e involved in this a r e a . D e n n i s C a m p b e l l and S u s a n W o o d l e y (Eds.), K l u w e r L a w International, 2005, ISBN 9 0 - 4 1 1 - 2 3 8 5 - 7 , H a r d b o u n d , 4 6 0 pp. C O P Y R I G H T AND F R E E S P E E C H COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSES Written by a teatn o f l e a d i n g s c h o l a r s a n d p r a c t i t i o n e r s in the f i e l d s o f c o p y r i g h t a n d f r e e s p e e c h , t h i s w o r k a n a l y s e s t h e p o t e n t i a l f o r i n t e r a c t i o n a n d c o n f l i c t b e t w e e n t h e t w o rights. F r e e s p e e c h is the l((eblood o f a n v d e m o c r a c y . As J o h n Stttart Mill stated, "In g o v e r n m e n t , p e r f e c t f r e e d o m of' discussion in a l l its m o d e s - spenkitag, writing, a n d p r i n t i n g - in l a w a n d i n f a c t is the f i r s t r e q u i s i t e o f g o o d b e c a u s e the f i r s t c o n d i t i o n o f p o p u l a r i n t e l l i g e n c e a n d m e n t a l p r o g r e s s . " ( L e t t e r by J o h n S t a r t Mill, 18 M a r c h , 1840) Copyright, on the o t h e r hand, r e p r e s e n t a p r o p e r t y r e g i m e which p r o t e c t s h u m a n c r e a t i v i t y a s m a n i f e s t e d in a l l types o f e x p r e s s i o n s s u c h a s l i t e r a r y works, p a i n t i n g s a n d music. Both these notions, c o p y r i g h t a n d F e e speech, a r e u n i t e d in the f à c t of' t h e i r r e c o g n i t i o n a s f u n d a m e n t a l f r e e d o m s o f a l l i n d i v i d u a l s within the ncttional, r e g i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l f r a m e w o r k o f h u m a n rights. However � , the r i g h t s a r e a l s o a n t i t h e t i c a l in nature, g i v i n g r i s e to both p o l i t i c a l a n d j u r i s p r u d e n t i a l tensions. These tensions h a v e b e c o m e r e c e n t l y a c c e n t u u t e d by the a d v e n t o f l e g i s l a t i v e developments. Both in the United States a n d within the E u r o p e a n Union, l e g a l commentator.s a r g u e t h a t r e c e n t c o p y r i g h t legislation h a s p a i d insuf)icient r e g a r d to,free speech. This c o n c e r n is u n d e r l i n e d bv t h e s e r i e s o f F i r s t A m e n d m e n t c h a l l e n g e s t h a t h a v e been b r o u g h t a g a i n s t the U n i t e d States D i g i t a l Millennium Colpyright Act. The r e c e n t c a u s e s c e l è b r e s n o t only h i g h l i g h t the a n t a g o n i s t i c r e l a t i o n s h i p between c o p y r i g h t a n d f r e e .speech but a l s o p r o m i n e n t l y d e p i c t the p o t e n t i a l conflict between p u b l i c a n d p r i v a t e i n t e r e s t s in i n f o r m a t i o n - the D e a d Sea S c r o l l s decision (Israel), the Wind D o n e Gone, E l d r e d a n d D e C S S c a s e s ( U n i t e d States) a n d the H v d e P a r k v Yelland a n d Ashdown v T e l e g r a p h G r o u p ( U n i t e d Kingdom). A f u r t h e r q u e r y which r e q u i r e s a t t e n t i o n is t h e i m p a c t of the g r o w i n g s i g n i f i c a n c e o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o p y r i g h t l a w f o r the d e v e l o p i n g world. The praised p r o f i l e o f t h e s e conflicts h a s r e s u l t e d in a n i n c r e a s i n g a m o u n t o f a t t e n t i o n f r o m a c a d e m e a n d t h e l e g a l procession. Some o f t h e a u t h o r s o f t h i s volume h a v e m a d e i n f l u e n t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n s a n d a r e directly involved, both legally a n d politically, in the d e b a t e . There has, however, been n o s u s t a i n e d s t u d y o f the conflict a c r o s s a variety o f different jurisdictions. This book a d d r e s s e s the c o p y r i g h t / f r e e s p e e c h r e l a t i o n s h i p within a c o m p a r a t i v e a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l l e g a l f r a m e w o r k . M o r e o v e r , the kev q u e s t i o n s r e g a r d i n g a c c e s s to i n f o r m a t i o n a n d t h e d i g i t a l c h a l l e n g e s a r e a d d r e s s e d f r o m both t h e o r e t i c a l a n d p r a c t i c a l p e r s p e c t i v e s . J o n a t h a n G r i f f i t h s and U m a S u t h e r s a n e n (Eds.), O x f o r d University Press, 2005, ISBN 0 - 1 9 - 9 2 7 6 0 4 - 8 , H a r d b a c k , 4 7 4 pp. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Tilburg Law Review Brill

COPYRIGHT ANDFREESPEECH COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSES

Tilburg Law Review , Volume 12 (4): 407 – Jan 1, 2005
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Publisher
Martinus Nijhoff
Copyright
© 2005 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
2211-0046
eISSN
2211-2596
D.O.I.
10.1163/221125905X00166
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Abstract

b e f o r e they c a n c a u s e w i d e s p r e a d i n j u r y to c o n s u m e r s . This h a s been s h o w n to be p a r t i c u l a r l y r e l e v a n t in c a s e s involving a u t o m o b i l e s a n d f o o d p r o d u c t s . Overall, therefore, p r o d u c t liability l a w is a vital p a r t o f t h e g e n e r a l law p r o t e c t i n g c o n s u m e r s , both on a n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l basis, which m a k e s this b o o k a very i n t e r e s t i n g crnd i t s 4 i i l r e a d . f à r a n y o n e involved in this a r e a . D e n n i s C a m p b e l l and S u s a n W o o d l e y (Eds.), K l u w e r L a w International, 2005, ISBN 9 0 - 4 1 1 - 2 3 8 5 - 7 , H a r d b o u n d , 4 6 0 pp. C O P Y R I G H T AND F R E E S P E E C H COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSES Written by a teatn o f l e a d i n g s c h o l a r s a n d p r a c t i t i o n e r s in the f i e l d s o f c o p y r i g h t a n d f r e e s p e e c h , t h i s w o r k a n a l y s e s t h e p o t e n t i a l f o r i n t e r a c t i o n a n d c o n f l i c t b e t w e e n t h e t w o rights. F r e e s p e e c h is the l((eblood o f a n v d e m o c r a c y . As J o h n Stttart Mill stated, "In g o v e r n m e n t , p e r f e c t f r e e d o m of' discussion in a l l its m o d e s - spenkitag, writing, a n d p r i n t i n g - in l a w a n d i n f a c t is the f i r s t r e q u i s i t e o f g o o d b e c a u s e the f i r s t c o n d i t i o n o f p o p u l a r i n t e l l i g e n c e a n d m e n t a l p r o g r e s s . " ( L e t t e r by J o h n S t a r t Mill, 18 M a r c h , 1840) Copyright, on the o t h e r hand, r e p r e s e n t a p r o p e r t y r e g i m e which p r o t e c t s h u m a n c r e a t i v i t y a s m a n i f e s t e d in a l l types o f e x p r e s s i o n s s u c h a s l i t e r a r y works, p a i n t i n g s a n d music. Both these notions, c o p y r i g h t a n d F e e speech, a r e u n i t e d in the f à c t of' t h e i r r e c o g n i t i o n a s f u n d a m e n t a l f r e e d o m s o f a l l i n d i v i d u a l s within the ncttional, r e g i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l f r a m e w o r k o f h u m a n rights. However � , the r i g h t s a r e a l s o a n t i t h e t i c a l in nature, g i v i n g r i s e to both p o l i t i c a l a n d j u r i s p r u d e n t i a l tensions. These tensions h a v e b e c o m e r e c e n t l y a c c e n t u u t e d by the a d v e n t o f l e g i s l a t i v e developments. Both in the United States a n d within the E u r o p e a n Union, l e g a l commentator.s a r g u e t h a t r e c e n t c o p y r i g h t legislation h a s p a i d insuf)icient r e g a r d to,free speech. This c o n c e r n is u n d e r l i n e d bv t h e s e r i e s o f F i r s t A m e n d m e n t c h a l l e n g e s t h a t h a v e been b r o u g h t a g a i n s t the U n i t e d States D i g i t a l Millennium Colpyright Act. The r e c e n t c a u s e s c e l è b r e s n o t only h i g h l i g h t the a n t a g o n i s t i c r e l a t i o n s h i p between c o p y r i g h t a n d f r e e .speech but a l s o p r o m i n e n t l y d e p i c t the p o t e n t i a l conflict between p u b l i c a n d p r i v a t e i n t e r e s t s in i n f o r m a t i o n - the D e a d Sea S c r o l l s decision (Israel), the Wind D o n e Gone, E l d r e d a n d D e C S S c a s e s ( U n i t e d States) a n d the H v d e P a r k v Yelland a n d Ashdown v T e l e g r a p h G r o u p ( U n i t e d Kingdom). A f u r t h e r q u e r y which r e q u i r e s a t t e n t i o n is t h e i m p a c t of the g r o w i n g s i g n i f i c a n c e o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o p y r i g h t l a w f o r the d e v e l o p i n g world. The praised p r o f i l e o f t h e s e conflicts h a s r e s u l t e d in a n i n c r e a s i n g a m o u n t o f a t t e n t i o n f r o m a c a d e m e a n d t h e l e g a l procession. Some o f t h e a u t h o r s o f t h i s volume h a v e m a d e i n f l u e n t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n s a n d a r e directly involved, both legally a n d politically, in the d e b a t e . There has, however, been n o s u s t a i n e d s t u d y o f the conflict a c r o s s a variety o f different jurisdictions. This book a d d r e s s e s the c o p y r i g h t / f r e e s p e e c h r e l a t i o n s h i p within a c o m p a r a t i v e a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l l e g a l f r a m e w o r k . M o r e o v e r , the kev q u e s t i o n s r e g a r d i n g a c c e s s to i n f o r m a t i o n a n d t h e d i g i t a l c h a l l e n g e s a r e a d d r e s s e d f r o m both t h e o r e t i c a l a n d p r a c t i c a l p e r s p e c t i v e s . J o n a t h a n G r i f f i t h s and U m a S u t h e r s a n e n (Eds.), O x f o r d University Press, 2005, ISBN 0 - 1 9 - 9 2 7 6 0 4 - 8 , H a r d b a c k , 4 7 4 pp.

Journal

Tilburg Law ReviewBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2005

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