Md. Waliul Hasanat* 1. Introduction Cooperation in the Barents Euro-Arctic Region (BEAR) (hereinafter the Cooperation) formally began in 1993 with the establishment of separate two platforms: the Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC) and the Barents Regional Council (BRC). However, neither the BEAC nor the BRC was formed as the result of an international treaty. In the case of the BEAC, the five Nordic states (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) and the Russian Federation, along with the Commission of the European Communities, agreed on a platform aiming to promote sustainable economic and social development in the Barents Region,1 which had been an area of military confrontation during the Cold War. In the case of the BRC, the regional governments (e.g., provincial, county, and oblast' governments) of the region, together with the indigenous peoples, created another platform. From the beginning of the Cooperation, both platforms have been working together closely. In the * Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh (on leave), presently Researcher/Scientist, Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (NIEM), Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland. The author has also a research position in ARKTIS graduate school coordinated by Arctic Centre, University of Lapland. E-mail:
The Yearbook of Polar Law Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera