MISZELLEN Chinese Manichaeism - Transformation or Translation?* The serious study of Chinese Manichaeism by western scholars began with the publication in 1911 by E Chavannes and P Pelliot of a long Chinese Manichaean treatise (Traite) on cosmogony and ethics which had been discovered at Tun- huang.1 To this was later added two other Chinese Manichaean manuscripts, the HymnscroII2 and the Compendium of Mani the Buddha of Light,3 which were found among the Tunhuang manuscripts brought back to the British Museum via In- dia by Aurel Stein. Since their initial publication in the West, they have been much used but rarely studied in depth by scholars of eastern Manichaeism. The reason for this neglect is not hard to find as the study of these texts presents bery special problems because of the close relationship which exists between them and Manichaean texts in a host of Iranian and Central Asian languages: Middle Iranian, Parthian, Sogidan, Old Turkish etc. - languages which were then im- perfectly known. Moreover the initial study of the Traité and the Hymnscroll, though conducted by very distinguished scholars, was completed before the study of Iranian and Turkish texts had been consolidated by the second genera- tion
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1987
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