Shortly after the California Gold Rush, the first commercial abalone fishery sprang to life along the central and southern Californian coast, an industry founded and developed by Chinese immigrants. By shipping dried black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) to Chinese communities in the American West, and exporting the product to a ready market in China, Chinese merchants assembled an elaborate trade network that reached from Santa Barbara, California, to China. Here, we offer the first synthesis of archaeological and historical data that describes the elements of Chinese export activities interpreted through a trading diaspora framework. Our results reveal details about an international trade network supported by the formation of self-governing business associations, relationships with trading partners, and interactions with European Americans. This study fills a critical gap in our understanding of the broader context of California’s historical fisheries and contextualizes the strategies of Chinese merchants who took advantage of new opportunities presented by a changing Pacific economy.在加州的淘金热后不久，中国移民沿着加州海岸，在中部和南部开发了鲍鱼的加工和贸易业。从加州圣芭芭拉市横跨到中国，他们苦心经营，组建了一个复杂的贸易网络。中国人把干的黑鲍鱼运往加州西部的华人社 区，经加工后再把商品出口到中国的一个特定市场。在此，我们提供了综合考古和历史数据的第一手资料，来描述中国出口贸易的种种层面，如何经由这种零星式的，无规则的贸易架构来作买卖。我们的结论也显示 出，一种由自治商业协会，相关贸易伙拌及欧裔美国人所组成的国际贸易网络也顺势形成。这个研究弥补了一个重要缺失，那就是对加州鱼业历史背景更广泛的了解。同时也阐述了中国商人，在太平洋经济情势的变化中，如何找寻新机会，从中获利的商业策略。This article is in English.
Journal of Chinese Overseas – Brill
Published: Apr 23, 2018
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