227 BOOK REVIEWS CHILTON, Bruce, The Temple of Jesus: His Sacrificial Program within a Cultural History of Sacrifice. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992. Pp. viii + 209. Cl. $34.50. ISBN 0-271-00824-5. In this book Bruce Chilton challenges the common view that the histori- cal Jesus was uninterested in sacrifice at the Jerusalem temple. Chilton suggests that this view emerged because mainly Gentile New Testament texts, as well as Torah-oriented rabbinic writings, edited out most cultic matters. This ancient trend was reinforced by an anti-priestly Protestan- tism that cast its shadow on modern New Testament scholarship and an anti-sacrificial mentality in modern Western thought as such. In contrast, Chilton tries to show that Jesus was similar to other ancient Jewish reform- ers (Essene, Pharisaic, Sadducean, and Josephan) in having a "passionate concern ... for pure offering by forgiven people in Jerusalem" (p. xi). Specifically, Jesus was a distinctive Jewish rabbi whose action in the temple was similar to that of certain reforming Pharisees (p. xi). Chilton hopes "to characterize the religious language of sacrifice in which Jesus participated, and to which he contributed as one of his motivating concerns" (p. x). Chilton outlines his views in
Biblical Interpretation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1996
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