Charging Steeds or Maidens Doing Good Deeds? A Re-Interpretation of Qur'āan 100 (al-‘;ādiyāt)

Charging Steeds or Maidens Doing Good Deeds? A Re-Interpretation of Qur'āan 100 (al-‘;ādiyāt) © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/157005808X347453 Arabica 55 (2008) 362-386 www.brill.nl/arab Charging Steeds or Maidens Doing Good Deeds? A Re-Interpretation of Qur ʾ ān 100 ( al- ʿ ādiyāt ) 1 Munther Younes Cornell University Abstract In A Challenge to Islam for Reformation , Gunter Lüling (2003) argues that about one-third of the Qur ʾ ānic text is based on ancient Christian Arabic hymns that were reworked and given a new meaning by the Qur ʾ ān editors after the Prophet’s death. This was possible because the Uthmanic mush ̣ af lacked dots, which allowed for different readings. In this essay, I reconstruct the first five verses of Koran 100 ( wa-l- ʿ ādiyāt ) by changing the dotting scheme of four words. Informed by a close examination of the syntactic structure and vocabulary of these verses and a comparison with cognates in Syriac and Hebrew, two languages with a clear influence on the Qur ʾ ān, this reconstruction results in a narrative that is more coherent semantically and syntac- tically than the traditional interpretation. Whereas in the traditional interpretation these verses describe steeds charging into battle, in my reconstruction they refer to maidens bringing light http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arabica Brill

Charging Steeds or Maidens Doing Good Deeds? A Re-Interpretation of Qur'āan 100 (al-‘;ādiyāt)

Arabica, Volume 55 (3): 362 – Jan 1, 2008

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2008 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0570-5398
eISSN
1570-0585
D.O.I.
10.1163/157005808X347453
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/157005808X347453 Arabica 55 (2008) 362-386 www.brill.nl/arab Charging Steeds or Maidens Doing Good Deeds? A Re-Interpretation of Qur ʾ ān 100 ( al- ʿ ādiyāt ) 1 Munther Younes Cornell University Abstract In A Challenge to Islam for Reformation , Gunter Lüling (2003) argues that about one-third of the Qur ʾ ānic text is based on ancient Christian Arabic hymns that were reworked and given a new meaning by the Qur ʾ ān editors after the Prophet’s death. This was possible because the Uthmanic mush ̣ af lacked dots, which allowed for different readings. In this essay, I reconstruct the first five verses of Koran 100 ( wa-l- ʿ ādiyāt ) by changing the dotting scheme of four words. Informed by a close examination of the syntactic structure and vocabulary of these verses and a comparison with cognates in Syriac and Hebrew, two languages with a clear influence on the Qur ʾ ān, this reconstruction results in a narrative that is more coherent semantically and syntac- tically than the traditional interpretation. Whereas in the traditional interpretation these verses describe steeds charging into battle, in my reconstruction they refer to maidens bringing light

Journal

ArabicaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2008

Keywords: CHARGING STEEDS; CHRISTIAN ARABIC HYMNS; 'ĀDIYĀT; MUNTHER YOUNES; MAIDENS; Q 100; YOUNES

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