Before Socrates actually begins his defense in Plato's Apology, he explains why it is necessary for him to refute two sets of accusations, the "first" accusations and the "later" ones. The "later" accusations are the formal charges contained in the indictment written by Meletus with the backing of Anytus and Lycon, on the basis of which Socrates has been ordered to appear before the court. But he is convinced that his jurors are already deeply biased against him because over the years they have come to be convinced of the truth of other accusations against him (18c4-7). Indeed, Socrates says that it was Mele- tus' acceptance of such slanders that led him to bring the formal charges (19a8-b2).l Because the "first" accusations have been allowed to stand unchallenged for so long, Socrates regards them as even more dangerous to him than the formal indictment (18b1-6). Socrates' account in the Apology of the nature of the "first" accusations and his categorical denial of their truth is reason- ably straightforward. He maintains that for many years he has been falsely accused of teaching young people atheism and sophistical reasoning (18bl-c5). Thus, the Apology suggests that the bias against Socrates concerns
Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1987
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera