CAREER MOVES: TRANSFER AND RANK CHALLENGE DECISIONS BY MALE LONG-TAILED MACAQUES by MARIA A. VAN NOORDWIJK 1) and CAREL P. VAN SCHAIK 2) (Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA) (Acc. 22-XI-2000) Summary Transfers to other social groups and active acquisition of high dominance rank carry a sub- stantial risk for a primate male. Therefore, we expect that such actions will affect his repro- ductive success. Demographic changes were studied in three groups of long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis ) over a 12-year period at Ketambe, Gunung Leuser National Park, In- donesia. Natal dispersal by males is expected to result in reduced inbreeding;secondary trans- fers may improve access to mates. Previous study revealed that, in this population, siring success was strongly correlated with dominance rank, with top dominance concentrated in young adult males. Thus, few decisions have such profound consequences for a male’s t- ness as those concerning transfer to a group where he may challenge for top dominance and 1) Address for correspondence: 3323 Ridge Road, Durham NC 27705, USA; e-mail: MariavanN@aol.com 2) The long-tailed macaque project at Ketambe was started and coordinated by the authors , with initial guidance of Prof.
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
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