Nematology , 2001, Vol. 3(1), 89-91 Short communication Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda; Aphelenchoididae) associated with Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera; Cerambycidae) in Portugal Edmundo S OUSA 1 , Maria Antónia B RAVO 2 , Joana P IRES 2 , Pedro N AVES 1 , Ana Catarina P ENAS 3 , Luís B ONIFÁCIO 1 and Manuel M. M OTA 3 ; ¤ Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner & Bührer, 1934) Nickle, 1970 is the causal agent of pine wilt disease (PWD) in Pinus . It is a quarantine organism in the Eu- ropean Union (Directive 77/93, EEC) and an impediment to international trade of forest products. A pest risk analy- sis for B. xylophilus and its vectors in the genus Mono- chamus for the territories of the European Union con- cluded that, due to the frequent occurrence of susceptible pine hosts in Europe and the presence of suitable insect vectors, PWD could have important economic and ecolog- ical consequences if it was introduced in Europe (Evans et al. , 1996). During a survey of aphelenchid nematodes associated with maritime pine, Pinus pinaster , carried out in Portugal in 1999, B. xylophilus was reported for the rst time in Europe near Setúbal (40
Nematology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2001
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