© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156921009X413153 African and Asian Studies 8 (2009) 47-66 brill.nl/aas A F R I C A N A N D A S I A N S T U D I E S Britain and the Foundation of Anti-Communist Policies in Nigeria, 1945-1960 Hakeem Ibikunle Tijani * Department of History and Geography, Morgan State University, 1700 E. Cold Spring Lane, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA Email: email@example.com Abstract Th e historiography of Nigeria’s transition to independence is incomplete without examining various measures against leftist activities by British oﬃ cials and their Nigerian “Agents”. I posit that devolution in Nigeria, as in many colonies where the potent mix of radical nationalism and communism was common, was followed by oﬃ cial and unoﬃ cial anti-communist measures. I argue that anti-communist policies evolved partly because of global Cold War politics, colonial disorder, leftist nationalists, increasing communist literature, and the increasing Soviet Union interest in nationalist struggles during the years preceding independence. While it is generally noted that the context of Britain’s anti-Communist policies is much broader, scholars have not fully analyzed events, issues, and personalities involved in many colonies. I conclude that the success of anti-communism was
African and Asian Studies – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: NATIONALISTS; ANTI-COMMUNISM; LEFTIST; DECOLONIZATION; COLD WAR; NIGERIA
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