REVIEWS Hanns-Peter Schmidt, Vedisch vrata und awestisch urvcita (= Alt- und Neu-Indische Studien, herausgegeben vom Seminar für Kultur und Geschichte Indiens der Universität Hamburg, 9). Hamburg, 1958. 1. Schmidt's investigation of Vedic vrata- may be looked upon as an experiment. His general hypothesis: there must be one single abstract center, one unambiguous notion that is named by the term; consequently this notion must be recognizable in every single context where the poet chose to use just this and no other word. His thesis: this abstract center is the idea "vow". His experiment: what will result if we keep to this idea throughout the RV, wherever the term happens to occur, and attempt to keep strictly to a literal translation by "vow"? The answer: we get a consistent system of views held with respect to the concept "vow" by the Rigvedic poet; in the overwhelming majority of cases we can immediately imitate the Rigvedic speech usages without becoming unidiomatic in our own language; only in a few special instances, we should have to add to our literal translation an explication that makes a particular use of the term, foreign to our own linguistic conventions, understandable. This situation may be
Indo-Iranian Journal – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1959
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