Buddhism, War, and Nationalism: Chinese Monks in the Struggle Against Japanese Aggressions, 1931-1945 . Paperback Edition. London: Routledge, 2011 (East Asia: History, Politics, Sociology and Culture Series). pp. xiii, 273. $54.95. isbn 978-0-415-80230-7. The role of Buddhist clergy during the Anti-Japanese War has largely been ignored in accounts of that struggle. They are sometimes referred to in passing, usually in relation to relief efforts and burial of the dead, but no scholar has focused exclusively on their role during the war. This pattern of neglect actually extends beyond the war to encompass the entire Republican era. With a few exceptions, such as Holmes Welch’s work in the 1960s and a handful of more recent publications, little research has been devoted to the relationship between Buddhism, society, and the state in this period. 1 As David Arkush notes in the foreword, while ample attention has been given to other actors—militarists, Nationalists, Communists, intellectuals, students, workers, women, and peasants—historians have largely ignored the role played by the roughly half million monks and nuns who constituted the sangha in China. Xue Yu’s work thus constitutes a welcome addition to the existing body of scholarship on this period. Yu argues that Japanese
Journal of Chinese Military History – Brill
Published: Nov 26, 2014
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