© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/002249910X12573963244601 Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53 (2010) 357-392 brill.nl/jesh Between Empires and Emporia: Th e Economics of Christianization in Early Modern Southeast Asia Barbara Watson Andaya * Abstract Studies of church connections to commercial interests in pre-nineteenth-century Southeast Asia have focused on the Catholic venture in the Spanish Philippines. Th is article uses a broader and more ecumenical framework to incorporate eastern Indonesia into this discus- sion by comparing the economic involvement of Spanish, Portuguese, and Dutch mission- aries and church personnel. It contextualizes diﬀ erences in church resources, secular oversight, and motivation, but also argues that clerical involvement with European economic ambi- tions helped to mark out a path toward the domestication of local Christianity. Th e percep- tion of foreign priests and ministers as conduits for exploitation encouraged many Southeast Asian Christians to diﬀ erentiate between the teachings of the religion they had adopted and the ways these teachings had been distorted in support of European control. La recherche de l’Asie du Sud-Est pré-moderne touchant au rapprochement des relations de l’Église d’avec les intérêts commerciaux porte habituellement sur l’entreprise catholiques des Philippines espagnoles.
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: Portuguese and Dutch Indies; mission and colonial rule; Spanish Philippines; Christian churches and commerce
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