Inner Asia 4 (2002): 27–46 © 2002 The White Horse Press, Cambridge, UK. Between Chinese Nationalism and Soviet Colonisation: A Chinese Orientalist’s Narration of Inner and Outer Mongolia (1926–1927) 1 WURLIG BORCHIGUD Department of World Languages and Cultures Humboldt State University Arcata, CA 95521, USA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT This essay questions the nature of ‘Chinese orientalism’ vis-à-vis the Western model of ‘orientalism’. It examines the dialectics of the interconnection between Chinese civilisation/nationalism and Soviet communist colonisation/moderni- sation, and how these shape and limit the perceptions of a Chinese scholar politician, Ma Hetian, in his travel writing about Inner and Outer Mongolia in the mid 1920s. Unlike most travel writings which focus on cultural differences of the ‘inferior’ others as study object and aesthetic idol, Ma’s was a political travel writing, which represents his Chinese Nationalist Party and the Chinese Repub- lican government in relation to its internal frontier Inner Mongolia and the independent ‘Outer Mongolia’ (the MPR) at the time. This political travel writing challenges Kojin Karatani’s coherent though essentialised reinterpreta- tion of orientalism from its specific sociocultural contexts and geopolitical positions. Similarly to Western orientalists, Ma had an authority to speak of his ‘inferior’ Inner Mongol objects
Inner Asia – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2002
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