Ecclesiology 4 (2008) 289–307 www.brill.nl/ecso ECCLESIOLOGY © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI 10.1163/174553108X341288 Baptism and Justiﬁ cation: A Methodist Understanding 1 Sarah Heaner Lancaster Methodist Th eological School in Ohio, 3081 Columbus Pike, Delaware, Ohio, USA email@example.com Abstract Th e association of the Methodists with the Roman Catholic and Lutheran Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justiﬁ cation was a signiﬁ cant ecumenical event. Th e Methodist Statement that allowed this agreement, though, does not include a descrip- tion of the connection between baptism and justiﬁ cation. Th is paper examines John Wesley’s understandings of baptism and justiﬁ cation to suggest a way that they may be held together in Methodist theology. Th e Methodist practice of infant baptism stands in tension with an understanding of justiﬁ cation built on the model of adult conver- sion experience, and this tension is found in Wesley’s own work. It is possible, though, to ﬁ nd in the way Wesley engaged certain questions some indications of how baptism and justiﬁ cation may be both connected and distinguished in order to display a ﬂ exi- ble understanding of God’s ongoing work in human life. Key words John Wesley, Methodist, baptism, justiﬁ
Ecclesiology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: JUSTIFICATION; BAPTISM; METHODIST; JOHN WESLEY
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