Bangladeshi Migrant Workers in Malaysia: The Construction of the “Others” in a Multi-Ethnic Context P D Faculty of Sociology Bielefeld University This article concerns a dilemma that can be observed world-wide: nation-states are seek- ing to maximize the opportunities from economic globalization processes and transnational cooperation, and are simultaneously closing their doors to the forms of migration that these economic shifts have stimulated. In Malaysia, for example, migrant workers have con- tributed to the remarkable economic success, but are hardly ever mentioned in analyses of this “miracle economy”. Due to economic restructuring and the economic downturns, migrants are increasingly treated as scapegoats for all kinds of problems Malaysia is facing. By analyzing the “Othering” of the Bangladeshi migrant community in Malaysia within this transformation process, it will be shown how through the interlocking aspects of movement and industrial growth concepts like national identity, citizenship and culture are getting challenged and renegotiated. Introduction In Malaysia, the rapid industrialization of the last few decades has led to a labour shortage and to in-migration of workers from the Philippines, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Malaysia needed these workers in various di ﬀ erent economic sectors, 1 but does not perceive them
Asian Journal of Social Science – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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