Balkan vortex: states, territories, and minorities JANUSZ BUGAJSKI* Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC, U.S.A. Received 11 November 1992; accepted 28 July 1993 Key words: history of the Balkans, Kosovo, Macedonia, Transylvania, Hungarian minority in Romania, Turkish minority in Bulgaria, Albanian minority Abstract. With the collapse of the Soviet bloc and the unravelling of centralized Communist controls, numerous points of conflict over territories, minorities, and resources were regener- ated in the Balkans. In some instances, former Communist forces have adopted nationalist programs and tried to exploit social and ethnic cleavages to preserve their positions and privileges. In other cases, radical populists and ultra-nationalist groupings have endeavored to capitalize on deteriorating economic conditions and continuing political instability by deliber- ately exacerbating cultural, religious, regional, and nationality frictions. Simultaneously, minority communities in several countries have raised their political aspirations for cultural autonomy and territorial self-government. Such demands have, in turn, heightened tensions with majority populations and with some neighboring states concerned over the fate of their co-ethnics. Introduction The disruption and disintegration of the Yugoslav federation has also con- tributed to heightening regional tensions throughout the Balkans, particularly with some of the neighboring countries. Fears of a major
International Journal on Minority and Group Rights – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
Keywords: Transylvania; Macedonia; history of the Balkans; Hungarian minority in Romania; Kosovo; Turkish minority in Bulgaria; Albanian minority
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