39 ATTITUDE, ACTION AND THE CONCEPT OF STRUCTURE P. D. Ashworth The fact that psychic life is not merely given externally and as mutual externality, but is given in its nexus, given by self-knowledge, by internal experience, constitutes the basic difference between psychological knowledge and knowledge of nature. (Husserl, 1977) There is a sense in which this paper constitutes little more than a footnote to the analysis of empiricism and intellectualism provided by Merleau-Ponty (1962, 1963). Contemporary attitude theory is unable to extricate itself from the difficulties which arise intrinsically from the adoption of one or other of these pre- judices-difficulties which are rendered void by the concept of structure. That is the claim of the paper. It is substantiated by a consideration of definitions of attitude in orthodox social psychology; by an analysis of the various approaches, within the frameworks set by attitude definitions, towards a solution of the vexed attitude-behaviour problem, and by a reflection upon this realm of psychological effort in terms of a phenomenology of attitude. The aim is to indicate that the problem of the at- titude-behaviour relationship, which finds no solution in either mode of orthodox social psychology, disappears as a problem
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1980
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