Aspect, tense, and mood in the Hindi verb

Aspect, tense, and mood in the Hindi verb ASPECT, TENSE, AND MOOD IN THE HINDI VERB by HERMAN VAN OLPHEN Austin, Texas INTRODUCTION 1. Two types of analysis are found in grammatical studies, whether they are written for pedagogical or other purposes. These two approaches may be referred to as s e m a n t i c and s t r u c t u r a l The semantic analysis of language is based on meaning differences between forms, while the structural approach is based on the overt markers present. It is clear that the structural approach in itself is insufficient in that it does not detect ambiguity in sentences such as Chomsky's "Flying planes can be danger- ous", nor can deleted items be taken into account. TM On the other hand, the primary shortcoming of a purely semantic analysis derives from the difficulty involved in clearly distinguishing and classifying meaning. Thus, the semantic analysis of Hindi auxiliary verbs lb can present and classify a large amount of data, but such an analysis invariably results in an unduly large number of classifications and one-member classes with generalizations being rather difficult to make. 2. The ideal analysis should be a structural-semantic one in which both http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indo-Iranian Journal Brill

Aspect, tense, and mood in the Hindi verb

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1975 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0019-7246
eISSN
1572-8536
D.O.I.
10.1163/000000075791615397
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ASPECT, TENSE, AND MOOD IN THE HINDI VERB by HERMAN VAN OLPHEN Austin, Texas INTRODUCTION 1. Two types of analysis are found in grammatical studies, whether they are written for pedagogical or other purposes. These two approaches may be referred to as s e m a n t i c and s t r u c t u r a l The semantic analysis of language is based on meaning differences between forms, while the structural approach is based on the overt markers present. It is clear that the structural approach in itself is insufficient in that it does not detect ambiguity in sentences such as Chomsky's "Flying planes can be danger- ous", nor can deleted items be taken into account. TM On the other hand, the primary shortcoming of a purely semantic analysis derives from the difficulty involved in clearly distinguishing and classifying meaning. Thus, the semantic analysis of Hindi auxiliary verbs lb can present and classify a large amount of data, but such an analysis invariably results in an unduly large number of classifications and one-member classes with generalizations being rather difficult to make. 2. The ideal analysis should be a structural-semantic one in which both

Journal

Indo-Iranian JournalBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1975

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