ASPECT, TENSE, AND MOOD IN THE HINDI VERB by HERMAN VAN OLPHEN Austin, Texas INTRODUCTION 1. Two types of analysis are found in grammatical studies, whether they are written for pedagogical or other purposes. These two approaches may be referred to as s e m a n t i c and s t r u c t u r a l The semantic analysis of language is based on meaning differences between forms, while the structural approach is based on the overt markers present. It is clear that the structural approach in itself is insufficient in that it does not detect ambiguity in sentences such as Chomsky's "Flying planes can be danger- ous", nor can deleted items be taken into account. TM On the other hand, the primary shortcoming of a purely semantic analysis derives from the difficulty involved in clearly distinguishing and classifying meaning. Thus, the semantic analysis of Hindi auxiliary verbs lb can present and classify a large amount of data, but such an analysis invariably results in an unduly large number of classifications and one-member classes with generalizations being rather difficult to make. 2. The ideal analysis should be a structural-semantic one in which both
Indo-Iranian Journal – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1975
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