Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies

Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies Frontiers Med. Biol. Engng , Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 177 – 183 (2000) Ó VSP 2000. Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies MAREK DAROWSKI and MAREK ENGLISZ The Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 4 Trojdena St., Warsaw 02-109, Poland Received 9 October 1998; accepted 30 March 1999 Abstract —The necessity for extraordinary ventilatory support may appear in different places all over the world in cases of a massive disaster (industrial or natural), connected with gas poisoning on a huge scale. Hospitals equipped with limited number of respirators, adequate for peacetime activity, are not able to meet suddenly multiplied requirements for ventilatory support. This paper describes a preliminary study to develop a convenient, reliable method of performing artificial ventilation of at least two patient by means of only one ventilator. We developed a unique, new control system (patent pending) which, when placed between a respirator and endotracheal tubes of the patients, divides the total tidal volume between the patients’ lungs and controls pressures at their airways. A special arrangement of valves in the control system enables us to separate inspiratory and expiratory paths for each patient and to avoid cross-infection. The model http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Frontiers of Medical & Biological Engineering Brill

Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2000 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0921-3775
eISSN
1568-5578
D.O.I.
10.1163/15685570052062576
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Frontiers Med. Biol. Engng , Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 177 – 183 (2000) Ó VSP 2000. Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies MAREK DAROWSKI and MAREK ENGLISZ The Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 4 Trojdena St., Warsaw 02-109, Poland Received 9 October 1998; accepted 30 March 1999 Abstract —The necessity for extraordinary ventilatory support may appear in different places all over the world in cases of a massive disaster (industrial or natural), connected with gas poisoning on a huge scale. Hospitals equipped with limited number of respirators, adequate for peacetime activity, are not able to meet suddenly multiplied requirements for ventilatory support. This paper describes a preliminary study to develop a convenient, reliable method of performing artificial ventilation of at least two patient by means of only one ventilator. We developed a unique, new control system (patent pending) which, when placed between a respirator and endotracheal tubes of the patients, divides the total tidal volume between the patients’ lungs and controls pressures at their airways. A special arrangement of valves in the control system enables us to separate inspiratory and expiratory paths for each patient and to avoid cross-infection. The model

Journal

Frontiers of Medical & Biological EngineeringBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2000

Keywords: model studies; mechanical ventilation; emergency positive pressure ventilation; Apparatus and instruments

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