Frontiers Med. Biol. Engng , Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 177 – 183 (2000) Ó VSP 2000. Artificial ventilation of the lungs for emergencies MAREK DAROWSKI and MAREK ENGLISZ The Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 4 Trojdena St., Warsaw 02-109, Poland Received 9 October 1998; accepted 30 March 1999 Abstract —The necessity for extraordinary ventilatory support may appear in different places all over the world in cases of a massive disaster (industrial or natural), connected with gas poisoning on a huge scale. Hospitals equipped with limited number of respirators, adequate for peacetime activity, are not able to meet suddenly multiplied requirements for ventilatory support. This paper describes a preliminary study to develop a convenient, reliable method of performing artificial ventilation of at least two patient by means of only one ventilator. We developed a unique, new control system (patent pending) which, when placed between a respirator and endotracheal tubes of the patients, divides the total tidal volume between the patients’ lungs and controls pressures at their airways. A special arrangement of valves in the control system enables us to separate inspiratory and expiratory paths for each patient and to avoid cross-infection. The model
Frontiers of Medical & Biological Engineering – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
Keywords: model studies; mechanical ventilation; emergency positive pressure ventilation; Apparatus and instruments
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