Aristotle’s Sophistical Refutations

Aristotle’s Sophistical Refutations A Translation Pieter Sjoerd Hasper 1. Appearance and reality in argument and refutation Now we must discuss sophistical refutations, that is, arguments that appear to be 164a20 refutations, but are in fact fallacies rather than refutations. In accordance with the nature of things, however, we must start from the primary things. That some arguments do constitute deductions, while others seem to, but in fact do not, is clear. For just as in other cases this comes about because of a a25 certain similarity, so too with arguments. For also with regard to their condition some people are really in good shape, whereas others only appear to be because they have decked themselves out as tribesmen and have equipped themselves; and some people are beautiful because of their beauty, while others appear to be 164b20 so because they have dressed up. It is like this also with lifeless things, for some of them are really made of gold or silver, whereas others are not, but appear so to the senses: things made of litharge or of tin, for example, appear to be made of silver, and yellow-coloured things of gold. In the same way, one argument constitutes a b25 It http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png History of Philosophy and Logical Analysis Brill

Aristotle’s Sophistical Refutations

History of Philosophy and Logical Analysis, Volume 15 (1): 42 – Jan 1, 1

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
DOI
10.30965/26664275-01501003
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Abstract

A Translation Pieter Sjoerd Hasper 1. Appearance and reality in argument and refutation Now we must discuss sophistical refutations, that is, arguments that appear to be 164a20 refutations, but are in fact fallacies rather than refutations. In accordance with the nature of things, however, we must start from the primary things. That some arguments do constitute deductions, while others seem to, but in fact do not, is clear. For just as in other cases this comes about because of a a25 certain similarity, so too with arguments. For also with regard to their condition some people are really in good shape, whereas others only appear to be because they have decked themselves out as tribesmen and have equipped themselves; and some people are beautiful because of their beauty, while others appear to be 164b20 so because they have dressed up. It is like this also with lifeless things, for some of them are really made of gold or silver, whereas others are not, but appear so to the senses: things made of litharge or of tin, for example, appear to be made of silver, and yellow-coloured things of gold. In the same way, one argument constitutes a b25 It

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History of Philosophy and Logical AnalysisBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1

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