Aristotle on Ontological Dependence Phil Corkum Philosophy Department, 4-81 Humanities Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E5 Canada email@example.com Abstract Aristotle holds that individual substances are ontologically independent from non- substances and universal substances but that non-substances and universal substances are ontologically dependent on substances. Th ere is then an asymmetry between individual substances and other kinds of beings with respect to ontological dependence. Under what could plausibly be called the standard interpretation, the ontological independence ascribed to individual substances and denied of non-substances and universal substances is a capac- ity for independent existence. Th ere is, however, a tension between this interpretation and the asymmetry between individual substances and the other kinds of entities with respect to ontological independence. I will propose an alternative interpretation: to weaken the relevant notion of ontological independence from a capacity for independent existence to the independent possession of a certain ontological status. Keywords Aristotle, substance, property, universal In the Categories , Aristotle classiﬁes beings into four kinds: individual sub- stances such as you and me, universal substances such as humanity, and also individuals and universals in the various categories other than sub- stance, such as quality and quantity, which I
Phronesis – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: UNIVERSAL; PROPERTY; SUBSTANCE; ARISTOTLE
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