Arbitration in Lithuania: The Matter of Fact Rimantas Simaitis and Renata Berzanskien* Contents 1. Introduction 2. Historical Insight into Development of Lithuanian Arbitration Institutions 3. Questions of Law 4. Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 5. Current Trends in State Courts' Practice 6. Questions of Attitude 7. Conclusions 1. Introduction As a post-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) country, Lithuania started to learn about commercial arbitration less than two decades ago, after restoration of independence in 1990. It was not an easy task to accomplish. The dispute resolution culture was not in favour of private settlement of disputes, such as different alternative dispute resolution (ADR) techniques with the help of an independent private third party. For more than 50 years disputes were resolved only through state courts in Lithuania. Accordingly, in the first place, it was a question of confidence and reliability to entrust dispute settlement to a new type of forum. In addition, little knowledge existed among the legal community about the principles applicable to arbitral proceedings, both in domestic and international contexts. Despite these impediments, progress was quite rapid. The first textbook on commercial arbitration1 was published in Lithuanian in 1997. CoDr Rimantas Simaitis is
Baltic Yearbook of International Law Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
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