AN INTERPRETATION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL BELIEFS AND SOME OF THE INSTITUTIONS OF ISLAM BY SYED HUSAIN M. JAFRI Introduction HE basis and foundation of religions are certain fundamental beliefs Ton which the entire structure of religious life and thought rests. It is the basic system of belief in a religion which sustains religious consciousness and keeps the community together through various stages of its history. Without basic beliefs and fundamental postulates no religion can survive in different phases of internal and external strains and stresses. In revealed religions the system of beliefs is derived from the revealed Books of God communicated through the Prophets who are the recipients of revelations. Outside the Abrahamic family of religions the fundamental beliefs are enunciated by the Founders of those religions. The first community of believers who receive the message directly from the Prophets or the Founders of religions accept the basic tenets and postulates as such in their straightforward literal meanings and without indulging themselves in their elaborate conceptual definitions, meanings or implications and without asking why and how. After the disappear- ance of the prophetic authority and because of the expansion of the community and its exposure to different creeds,
Arabica – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1983
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