AN EXPERIMENT ON SPACING-OUT AS A DEFENCE AGAINST PREDATION by N. TINBERGEN, M. IMPEKOVEN and D. FRANCK 1) 2) (Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, England) (With 3 Figures) (Rec. 10-VII-1966) This study is based on the hypothesis that certain predators exert a pressure on individuals even of well-camouflaged prey species to live well spaced-out; more precisely, to live at interindividual distances which greatly exceed the distance from which predators usually detect them directly. This hypothesis occurred to the senior author in the course of studies, partly by himself, partly by his co-workers (DE RUITER, 1952, I(?55; TINBERGEN, Ig53, 1956, 1957, 1965; TINBERGEN Et al., 1962; PATTERSON, 1965), and in connection with certain data in the literature. The evidence leading to the hypothesis is of various types; each kind of evidence is in itself admittedly incomplete or even tentative, but in their totality the data were considered suggestive enough to warrant the present study. It is of course well realised that camouflage, in the sense of colour patterns hampering the detection of a prey by predators that hunt by sight, is fully effective only if accompanied by certain specific types of behaviour. Those generally recognised, and experimentally checked
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1967
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera