© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/092902707X199104 European Journal of Health Law 14 (2007) 131-148 Ambiguity of the Embryo Protection in the Human Rights and Biomedicine Convention: Experiences from the Nordic Countries Laura Walin 1 Researcher of Medical Law & Biolaw, Department of Criminal Law, Procedural Law and General Jurisprudential Studies University of Helsinki, Finland Abstract Until 1998 research on in vitro human embryos concentrated on the issues related to assisted reproduc- tion. Th e situation changed dramatically when the ﬁrst scientiﬁc report on the laboratory culture of human embryonic stem cells was published. Th is scientiﬁc breakthrough with new therapeutic promises put human embryo into a new, more vulnerable position. Combined with creation of embryos via somatic cell nuclear transfer, it inveigles into mass production of embryos, ﬁrst for scientiﬁc purposes, but later perhaps for the healing of people. Th is article examines the eﬃcacy of the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine in protecting embryos in this new era of embryo research. Th e interpretative latitude of Article 18 of the Convention is demonstrated, and legislation in three Nordic countries with highly variable approach to embryo research regulation is analysed. I examine how this divergence
European Journal of Health Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
Keywords: EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND BIOMEDICINE; PROTECTION OF EMBRYOS; RESEARCH ON HUMAN EMBRYOS; THE NORDIC COUNTRIES
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