Alexander II and Mikhail Gorbachev— Two Reformers in Historical Perspective

Alexander II and Mikhail Gorbachev— Two Reformers in Historical Perspective V L A D I M I R S H L A P E N T O K H (East Lansing, MI, U.S.A.) Alexander II and Mikhail Gorbachevâ �� Two Reformers in Historical Perspective Comparisons o f different historical periods in order to find common pat- terns o f behavior, even within the same nation, seldom produce more than platitudes. Nonetheless, comparisons o f Russia in the mid-nineteenth century and the late twentieth century p r o m i s e to be more fruitful than most such comparisons. Several general points in c o m m o n can be briefly outlined. Both Russias were located on approximately the same territories, the main differences being that Finland and most o f the Polish Kingdom were included in the nineteenth- century Russian empire, whereas the Ukrainian Galitsia and a great part o f Central Asia were considered to be Soviet provinces. Both Russias were ruled by a strong s t a t e - i n neither case were there social groups able to exert direct pressure on the rulers. In both periods, the country was run by a bureaucracy organized according to more or less the same http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian History Brill

Alexander II and Mikhail Gorbachev— Two Reformers in Historical Perspective

Russian History, Volume 17 (4): 395 – Jan 1, 1990

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1990 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0094-288X
eISSN
1876-3316
D.O.I.
10.1163/187633190X00020
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

V L A D I M I R S H L A P E N T O K H (East Lansing, MI, U.S.A.) Alexander II and Mikhail Gorbachevâ �� Two Reformers in Historical Perspective Comparisons o f different historical periods in order to find common pat- terns o f behavior, even within the same nation, seldom produce more than platitudes. Nonetheless, comparisons o f Russia in the mid-nineteenth century and the late twentieth century p r o m i s e to be more fruitful than most such comparisons. Several general points in c o m m o n can be briefly outlined. Both Russias were located on approximately the same territories, the main differences being that Finland and most o f the Polish Kingdom were included in the nineteenth- century Russian empire, whereas the Ukrainian Galitsia and a great part o f Central Asia were considered to be Soviet provinces. Both Russias were ruled by a strong s t a t e - i n neither case were there social groups able to exert direct pressure on the rulers. In both periods, the country was run by a bureaucracy organized according to more or less the same

Journal

Russian HistoryBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1990

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