© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/156853410X489763 Vivarium 48 (2010) 193-214 brill.nl/viv v i v a r i u m Al-Ghazālī on the Form and Matter of the Syllogisms Henrik Lagerlund University of Western Ontario Abstract Al-Ghazālī’s Maqāsid al-falāsifa is an intelligent reworking of Avicenna’s Dānesh-name (Book of Science). It was assumed by Latin scholastics that the Maqāsid contained the views of Al-Ghazālī himself. Very well read in Latin translation, it was the basic text from which the Latin authors gained their knowledge of Arabic logic. This arti- cle examines the views on the form and matter of the syllogism given in the Maqāsid and considers how they would have been viewed by a Latin reader in the thirteenth century. Keywords Al-Ghazālī, Maqāsid , Avicenna, syllogism, form, matter The Maqāsid al-falāsifa (‘The Meaning of the Philosophers’) 1 by Abû Hāmid Muhammad al-Ghazālī (1058-1111) was supposed to be a preparatory work for his later Tahāfut al-falāsifa (‘The Incoherence of the Philosophers’), 2 since as Al-Ghazālī says in the prologue to the Maqāsid : “It is absurd to consider the falsity of positions before understanding their sources; it is indeed shoot- ing an arrow blindly and at a venture.”
Vivarium – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: syllogism; form; Avicenna; matter; Maqāsid; Al-Ghazālī
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