Π AI ∆ E Σ KAI E Φ HBOI SOME NOTES ON THE SPARTAN S'CAGES OF YOUTH BY C. M. TAZELAAR From several sources it is known that all the male inhabitants of Sparta up till the age of twenty belonged to a group of those born in the same year. This was according to the law. Much has been written about the way in which the legislator went about the division of these age-classes. A convincing solution of the problem of how the legislator grouped them has, however, not yet been arrived at. This article is meant to be an attempt at a new recon- struction starting from the information available, not numerous nor clear in itself. The sources about the question of the age-classes are the following: 1. Xenophon's writing on the llocxEBocc?.ov?cw 7toÀ?"t"doc, 2. Plutarch's Life of Lycuygus, 3. two glosses mentioning a number of names of year-classes, henceforth referred to as the Herodotus-gloss and the Strabo-gloss, 4. quotations from Pausanias, Hesychius and Photius, and some inscriptions. All this refers more especially to the training-groups of the younger boys. It may be said to begin with, that every way to classify young people in certain
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1967
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