© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2005 Exchange 34,2 Also available online – www.brill.nl AFRO-SURINAMESE RENAISSANCE AND THE RISE OF PENTECOSTALISM Harold Jap-A-Joe Abstract : During the 1960s, after a long period of suppression, a renais- sance of Afro-Surinamese culture started. Around the same time Pentecostalism was introduced with great success. In this article it is being argued that the worldviews of the Afro-Surinamese Winti-religion and of Pentecostalism are interlocking, explaining the attractiveness of the latter to Afro-Surinamese who since their acceptance of Christianity had been confronted with sup- pression and ridiculization of their worldview as “superstition” in the main- stream missionary churches. Introduction Suriname, on the North-Eastern coast of South America, was colonized in 1651 by the English coming from Barbados in search of fertile land for plantation agriculture. In 1667 the colony was captured by the Dutch and since then until independence in 1975 — with a short interruption between 1804 and 1816 — has been a Dutch colony. African enslaved were brought in until the 1820s to work on the plantations. After the abolition of slavery in 1863, from 1873 indentured labourers were recruited from — then British — India and from 1890 also from the
Exchange – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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