MISCELLANEA ADVERSATIVE KAI AGAIN Although the adversative use of xai is common in all periods and all kinds of Greek literature it continues to form a source of misunderstanding. In Thuc. VII 28, 3 8' (the Athenians) 860 xai (p?o?Lx?v xa0£J<aJav 't'OLOCÚ't'7jV 7tpr.v ycvlJ0ai av <XXOUO'<X<; Steup and Dover take xocr. to depend on but the Athenians can hardly be said to be 'oppressed' by such a natural tendency as their pixovixia. Marchant translates 'and yet' 2), but this gives too strong a contrast. The difficulty disappears if we simply translate XOCL by 'but'. There is no 'glissement dans la pensee' (Romilly) 3), except a slight causal ellipsis: 'but [they persisted, for]', which may be equally implied in the modern usage of 'but'. For a similar use of (= ocaa« yxp) cf. e.g. Hom. A 286-7 v«i 8ij T<XUT o18' xia. ('but things are different, for ...'), Gorg. 483 b 6 ol ol <XO'6EVE? &v0pm<oi claw xon 7tOMOL ('but the strong men were unable to legalize their attitude, for...'). In Herod. 5, 6-7 a slave says to his mistress : / xod To vuxTa 7tLve;. Cunningham thinks that "an erotic sense (so Winter, De mimis Oxyrhynchicis 29 sq.
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1975
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