Addressing transnational threats and risks — A key challenge for the OSCE Wolfgang Zellner 1 The OSCE is in the middle of a double adaptation crisis. In the first place, the participating States have to resolve a number of disputes ranging from regional issues to institutional matters that undermine the Organization’s ability to formulate a relevant reform agenda. Beyond that, they have to come to a common understanding that change in Europe will continue, and that it is necessary to manage change and to contain the dangers of change. Furthermore, they must also decide whether the OSCE is the right framework for these efforts. Only then will they succeed in adapting the Organization to changing needs. In the 1990s, the dominant type of violent conflicts in Europe consisted of inter-ethnic, separatist or regionalist confrontations primarily within, but also between states. Consequently, the OSCE ’s main focus has been on conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. Although important tasks remain in this field — in particular the resolution of the ‘frozen conflicts’ in Transnistria, South Ossetia and Nagorno Karabakh, and post-conflict rehabilitation in several regions — the number and intensity of violent conflicts within Europe is gradually decreasing.
Helsinki Monitor (in 2008 continued as Security and Human Rights) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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