148 instance of incertum with layers of pure brick is found in Tiberius' villa in Capri 1), and cases of incertum, intersected by layers of qua- dratum occur for instance at Antioch and Seleucia Pieria (3rd cent. A.D.) 2). It is probable that together with the sundried-technique the custom of reinforcing these walls, for instance by horizontal layers of coctiles, was introduced into Magna Graecia from Mesopotamia. Whatever the reason-according to Billig, simply for the sake of a sound professional tradition 3)-this practice was continued, even when the solid brick construction did no longer need any special reinforcement. Thus it may be that the afterwards highly perfected listatum-technique takes its roots in similar old building-methods in Eastern countries. In the old sundried-walls and in the incertum this construction based on real technical grounds. In the Roman listatum the stress has been shifted: here the craftsman has a decorative game with his material, perhaps also under the influence of economical motives. 1) Maiuri, o.c., 192, note 1; cf. also Billig, o.c., 126. 2) Fisher, Antioch on the Orontas, I (1934) ,6 ; Stillwell, Antioch on the Orontas III (1941), 11-12. 3) Billig, o.c., 143-144. HILVERSUM, Diependaalse Drift 1 AD CIC. DE DIV. 1, 35.38 1, 35 Quae est igitur ista calliditas res vetustate robustas calumniando velle pervertere? 'Non reperio causam'. Latet fortasse obscuritate involuta naturae; non enim me deus ista scire sed his tantummodo uti voluit. Verba q.s. non reperio causam adversario imaginario danda vel, si mavis, ab ipso Marco dicta esse fingi et contextus docet et pronomen ista demonstrat (cf. supra 8 istuc, § 10 ista). Eadem ratione male hucusque intellecta mihi videntur verba q.s. 1, 37/8 Collegit innumerabilia oracula Chrysippus nec ullum sine locuplete auctore atque teste; quae, quia nota tibi sunt, relinquo; defendo unum hoc: numquam illud oraclum Delphis tam celebre et tam clarum luisset neque tantis donis refertum omnium populorum atque regum, nisi omnis aetas oraclorum illorum veritatem esset experta. 'Idem iam diu non facit'. Ut igitur nunc minore gloria est, quia minus oraculorum veritas excellit, sic tum nisi summa veritate in tanta gloria non luisset. Hic quoque verba q.s. 'Idem iam diu non facit' contra dici putanda sunt. Traiecti ad Rhenum H. WAGENVOORT
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1952
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