A TECHNICAL MEANING FOR N'M IN THE HEBREW BIBLE by J. D. LEVENSON Chicago The semantics of a number of occurrences of the root in the Hebrew Bible are problematic. For example, the conventional translation "Beauty, pleasantness" for the noun no-cam does not always yield good sense. The occurrence of the noun in Ps. xxvii 4 is complicated by the presence of an equally obscure term, lebaqqer, in the same verse: la!;azôt benõcam-yhwh ûlebaqqer behekalo Four interpretations of this term dominate the history of its transla- tion. Perhaps the LXX (??wxE??Ea6a? Tov vaov aurou) and certainly the Vulgate (visitem templum ejus) have been influenced by one rab- binic meaning of biqqer, "to visit". Although this translation makes sense in context, it remains doubtful that the verb had this meaning in biblical times. Rashi, following Dunash ibn Labrat and followed by Mitchell Dahood (although Dahood does not cite either Rashi or Dunash), interprets the word as a denominative from bõqer, "morn- ing' ' : thus, "to appear there every morning. " 1 Although plausible, this translation, too, seems to lack a biblical parallel. The third translation is influenced by Ezek. xxxiv 11-12, in which biqqer seems synonymous with "to
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1985
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