A Technical Meaning for N'm in tHe Hebrew Bible

A Technical Meaning for N'm in tHe Hebrew Bible A TECHNICAL MEANING FOR N'M IN THE HEBREW BIBLE by J. D. LEVENSON Chicago The semantics of a number of occurrences of the root in the Hebrew Bible are problematic. For example, the conventional translation "Beauty, pleasantness" for the noun no-cam does not always yield good sense. The occurrence of the noun in Ps. xxvii 4 is complicated by the presence of an equally obscure term, lebaqqer, in the same verse: la!;azôt benõcam-yhwh ûlebaqqer behekalo Four interpretations of this term dominate the history of its transla- tion. Perhaps the LXX (??wxE??Ea6a? Tov vaov aurou) and certainly the Vulgate (visitem templum ejus) have been influenced by one rab- binic meaning of biqqer, "to visit". Although this translation makes sense in context, it remains doubtful that the verb had this meaning in biblical times. Rashi, following Dunash ibn Labrat and followed by Mitchell Dahood (although Dahood does not cite either Rashi or Dunash), interprets the word as a denominative from bõqer, "morn- ing' ' : thus, "to appear there every morning. " 1 Although plausible, this translation, too, seems to lack a biblical parallel. The third translation is influenced by Ezek. xxxiv 11-12, in which biqqer seems synonymous with "to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Vetus Testamentum Brill

A Technical Meaning for N'm in tHe Hebrew Bible

Vetus Testamentum, Volume 35 (1): 61 – Jan 1, 1985

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1985 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0042-4935
eISSN
1568-5330
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853385X00303
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A TECHNICAL MEANING FOR N'M IN THE HEBREW BIBLE by J. D. LEVENSON Chicago The semantics of a number of occurrences of the root in the Hebrew Bible are problematic. For example, the conventional translation "Beauty, pleasantness" for the noun no-cam does not always yield good sense. The occurrence of the noun in Ps. xxvii 4 is complicated by the presence of an equally obscure term, lebaqqer, in the same verse: la!;azôt benõcam-yhwh ûlebaqqer behekalo Four interpretations of this term dominate the history of its transla- tion. Perhaps the LXX (??wxE??Ea6a? Tov vaov aurou) and certainly the Vulgate (visitem templum ejus) have been influenced by one rab- binic meaning of biqqer, "to visit". Although this translation makes sense in context, it remains doubtful that the verb had this meaning in biblical times. Rashi, following Dunash ibn Labrat and followed by Mitchell Dahood (although Dahood does not cite either Rashi or Dunash), interprets the word as a denominative from bõqer, "morn- ing' ' : thus, "to appear there every morning. " 1 Although plausible, this translation, too, seems to lack a biblical parallel. The third translation is influenced by Ezek. xxxiv 11-12, in which biqqer seems synonymous with "to

Journal

Vetus TestamentumBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1985

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