A human rights based approach to trafficking in human beings Conny Rijken 1 Introduction In an era in which, through globalisation and expanding international relations, the economic differences between countries and regions have become increasingly pronounced, the old phenomenon of slavery gains renewed attention. People are being moved inside and across borders to be exploited as money-generating commodities. These new forms of slavery and slavery-like practices are usually referred to as trafficking in human beings (hereafter THB ), a crime that, without any doubt, conflicts with the human rights of its victims. The crime of trafficking is often approached from a criminal law perspective with the aim to catch the perpetrators. In this approach, attention for victims is practically only present to the extent they are relevant for law enforcement purposes. However, it is realised in a growing number of countries that victims of trafficking are particularly vulnerable and that the ordinary protection mechanisms for victims and witnesses in criminal proceedings are not suited to provide these groups with adequate protection. Many countries have adopted special protection mechanisms for victims of trafficking. These protection mechanisms generally apply to illegal aliens who are victims of THB . They can
Security and Human Rights – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
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