A FORMAL NOTATION TO AID ANALYSIS OF COMPLEX BEHAVIOUR: UNDERSTANDING THE TACTICAL DECEPTION OF PRIMATES by R. W. BYRNE1) (Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, Scotland, e-mail rwbst-andrews.ac.uk) (Acc. 11-X-1993) Summary A formal notation is argued to be useful in representing theories of complex animal behaviour. This "production system" approach, originally derived from artificial intel- ligence, is explained with a series of examples of tactical deception in primates. These examples are controversial, since they might suggest intentionality and thinking in non- humans, and their interpretation is not straightforward. The ease of representing compet- ing explanations of sophisticated behaviour (for instance those used in behaviourist psy- chology, animal ethology, and cognitive science) in the single formalism of production systems, may eventually aid a rapprochement between disciplines with interests in the evolution of intelligence. Introduction Recent analyses of the complex behaviour of animals have often argued for a cognitive perspective (see papers in HULSE et al., 1978; ROITBLAT, 1987; papers in RISTAU, 1991). This new approach often means that the use of mentalistic terms becomes allowable (GRIFFIN, 1991), and it is typically opposed to the more traditional behaviourist approach. How-
Behaviour – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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