Renewable Energy A Comparative Study of Offshore Renewable Energy Legal Frameworks in France and the United Kingdom Nicolas Boillet and Gaëlle Guéguen-Hallouët UMR AMURE M101, University of Brest, France Introduction United Kingdom: 4,049 MW versus France: 0 MW The difference between these figures, although striking, does not tell the whole story.1 The United Kingdom (UK) is without doubt the European leader in the marine energy sector, both because of its marine energy potential and the number of its offshore installations. France, on the other hand, lags far behind its European neighbors, but is planning to install an offshore wind-pow-er ca pacity of 6,000 MW. Other French projects, at various stages of development, aim to exploit current, tidal, wave and ocean thermal energy. However, even though France’s territorial waters and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) cover an area of over 10 million km 2 (nearly twenty times its territorial land surface area), no offshore generating capacity is currently being exploited.2 Nevertheless, the development of marine renewable energies (MREs), also known as ocean renewable energies (OREs), helps to fulfil the international and European commitments that these two States have entered into, which pursue roughly the same objectives. OREs help to achieve energetic,
Ocean Yearbook 30 – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2016
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