Director of Defence Institute of Portugal A B I B L I O G R A P H Y OF B R A Z I L I A N MILITARY HISTORY S h o r t S y n o p s i s The starting point for Brazilian military literature is Portuguese military history. The first works on the armed defence of Brazil were penned in the seventeenth century, basically by Portuguese writers. Brazilian nationalism originated with the fighting against Dutch invaders from 1624 to 1654, resulting in the birth of Brazilian military literature, though the latter was still intermingled with Portuguese historiography, making for a Luso-Brazilian approach to military studies. Following the wars against the Dutch, Portuguese strategic and political thought tur- ned, by way of the Treaty of Tordesillas, towards expansion to the west and south, as far as the River Plate. A new source for Luso-Brazilian military literature thus arose. For example, the Sacramento Colony issue became a matter of interest for a variety of Portuguese and Luso-Brazilian historians. Also, Count de Lippe's Regulation of 1763 can serve as an excellent source of information on discipline, customs, techniques, tac- tics and uniforms of the period. Without a doubt, the War of the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay against the Paraguayan dictator Solano Lopez, which raged from 1865 to 1870, the longest in South American history, has surrounded itself with a more extensive bibliography than any other similar event; the war continues to be a subject of study and controversy to this day. One well-known publication on the issue is that of the Counsellor to the Emperor of Germany and the King of Prussia, L. Schneider, which was originally published in German in Berlin, in three volumes, in 1872, 1873 and 1876. Another is the work of General Tasso Fragoso. One work which cannot go unmentioned is "Brazilian Ephemerides", by the Baron of Rio Branco, which provides an overview of Brazilian history to 1892, focusing espe- cially on Brazilian military history. The "Brazilian Maritime Magazine", published by the Department of the Navy, and " National Defence", founded in 1913 and published by the Department of the Armed Forces, are very respected sources of military studies, including history. When it comes to the First World war, there are very few publications on the subject, given that Brazil's participation was limited to a Naval Division, a Medical Mission and some aviators. This topic has, however, been the subject of a paper presented to the International Congress of Military History in Turin, Italy. As for Brazil's participation in the Second World War, the list of works is substantially more extensive, the issue continuing to be a matter for discussion. The Magazine of the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute is one of the lar- gest repositories of documents relating to the study of Brazilian military history, as General Francisco de Paula Cidade, member of the Brazilian Commission of Military History (the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute), relates in A summary o f three centuries o f Brazilian military literatur, published in 1959. Also important are the Magazine of the Historical and Geographical Institute of Sao Paulo, and the Magazine of the Historical and Geographical Institute of Rio Grande do Sul. Also of incomparable value are the books published by the Armed Forces Library since 1937. Currently, the following publications are considered indispensable to any Biblio- graphy of Brazilian Military History: Brazilian Naval History, by the Navy's Docu- mentation Service, covering Brazil's naval history from the arrival of Europeans to the present day; History of the Brazihan Army, by the General Staff of the Army; and His- tory of the Brazihan Air Force, by the Historical-Cultural Institute of Aeronautics. Dino W. COZZA
International Bibliography of Military History – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1998
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