RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS Note: The International Journal of Comparative Sociology invites communica- tions in the form of short articles and reports about ongoing research, not ex- ceeding 5,000 words, both in the empirical and theoretical fields. EDITOR 1. Dynamics of Social Stratification in Kibbutzim ELIEZER BEN-RAFAEL Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel Introduction: Three Types of Collectives The existence of stratification in kibbutzim is an issue which arises widespread dif- ferences of interpretation among researchers. According to kibbutz ideology, common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy, and collective responsibility for cultural life, education and consumption should permit the development of a strict- ly egalitarian setting. Thus, although stratification processes which are quite evident in kibbutz reality have been given consideration in some pieces of research (see Rosenfeld, 1951), their impact has been largely minimized by other sociologists (see, for instance, Shepher, 1974). The purpose of the following pages is to throw some light on these processes by describing and analyzing the dynamics which, in spite of the dominant egalitarian ethos, have created and institutionalized them. However, in order to analyze stratification in the kibbutz, it is necessary to con- sider this structure as simultaneously belonging to three
International Journal of Comparative Sociology (in 2002 continued as Comparative Sociology) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1980
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