THE EARLY HISTORY OF COBOL Jean E. Sammet IBM Corporation Federal Systems Division ABSTRACT This paper d i s c u s s e s the early history of COBOL, starting with the Bay 1959 meeting in the Pentagon which e s t a b l i s h e d the Short Range Committee which defined the initial version of COBOL, and continuing through the creation of COBOL 61. The paper gives a detailed d e s c r i p t i o n of the committee activities leading to the p u b l i c a t i o n of the first official version, namely COBOL 60. The m a j o r inputs to COBOL are discussed, and there is also a d e s c r i p t i o n of how and why some of the technical decisions in COBOL were made. Finally, there is a brief "after the fact" evaluation, and some indication of the implication of COBOL on current and future languages. Â©1978 Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 13, No. 8, August 1978 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . .
ACM SIGPLAN Notices – acm
Published: Aug 1, 1978
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