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The Folk Art of Information Security Needs an Upgrade T om Slewe and Mark Hoogenboom fairly accurately defined information security as it exists today in œWho Will Rob You on the Digital Highway?  (May 2004). They also inadvertently revealed what an incorrect, inconsistent, and incomplete folk art it is as well. Information security is akin to the practice of alchemy in ancient times when there were only four known elements: air, water, fire, and earth. Slewe and Hoogenboom covered confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA), the well-known elements of information security as they are used in many organizations ™ security policies. However, CIA falls short in terms of validity, completeness, and precision. The generally accepted definition of confidentiality they provided omitted the need for preserving information that is not confidential (such as the content of free and licensed software). They also incorrectly defined integrity as including correctness, validity, and authenticity. And their definition of availability omitted the need for information to be in useful form. Dictionaries define integrity of information as complete and in good condition. But information may have integrity and be false or be correct but lack integrity. This distinction is important because security measures for http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Communications of the ACM Association for Computing Machinery

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