Variational Monte Carlo method for fermionic models combined with tensor networks and applications to the hole-doped two-dimensional Hubbard model

Variational Monte Carlo method for fermionic models combined with tensor networks and... The conventional tensor-network states employ real-space product states as reference wave functions. Here, we propose a many-variable variational Monte Carlo (mVMC) method combined with tensor networks by taking advantages of both to study fermionic models. The variational wave function is composed of a pair product wave function operated by real-space correlation factors and tensor networks. Moreover, we can apply quantum number projections, such as spin, momentum, and lattice symmetry projections, to recover the symmetry of the wave function to further improve the accuracy. We benchmark our method for one- and two-dimensional Hubbard models, which show significant improvement over the results obtained individually either by mVMC or by tensor network. We have applied the present method to a hole-doped Hubbard model on the square lattice, which indicates the stripe charge/spin order coexisting with a weak d-wave superconducting order in the ground state for the doping concentration of less than 0.3, where the stripe oscillation period gets longer with increasing hole concentration. The charge homogeneous and highly superconducting state also exists as a metastable excited state for the doping concentration less than 0.25. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Variational Monte Carlo method for fermionic models combined with tensor networks and applications to the hole-doped two-dimensional Hubbard model

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Variational Monte Carlo method for fermionic models combined with tensor networks and applications to the hole-doped two-dimensional Hubbard model

Abstract

The conventional tensor-network states employ real-space product states as reference wave functions. Here, we propose a many-variable variational Monte Carlo (mVMC) method combined with tensor networks by taking advantages of both to study fermionic models. The variational wave function is composed of a pair product wave function operated by real-space correlation factors and tensor networks. Moreover, we can apply quantum number projections, such as spin, momentum, and lattice symmetry projections, to recover the symmetry of the wave function to further improve the accuracy. We benchmark our method for one- and two-dimensional Hubbard models, which show significant improvement over the results obtained individually either by mVMC or by tensor network. We have applied the present method to a hole-doped Hubbard model on the square lattice, which indicates the stripe charge/spin order coexisting with a weak d-wave superconducting order in the ground state for the doping concentration of less than 0.3, where the stripe oscillation period gets longer with increasing hole concentration. The charge homogeneous and highly superconducting state also exists as a metastable excited state for the doping concentration less than 0.25.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085103
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The conventional tensor-network states employ real-space product states as reference wave functions. Here, we propose a many-variable variational Monte Carlo (mVMC) method combined with tensor networks by taking advantages of both to study fermionic models. The variational wave function is composed of a pair product wave function operated by real-space correlation factors and tensor networks. Moreover, we can apply quantum number projections, such as spin, momentum, and lattice symmetry projections, to recover the symmetry of the wave function to further improve the accuracy. We benchmark our method for one- and two-dimensional Hubbard models, which show significant improvement over the results obtained individually either by mVMC or by tensor network. We have applied the present method to a hole-doped Hubbard model on the square lattice, which indicates the stripe charge/spin order coexisting with a weak d-wave superconducting order in the ground state for the doping concentration of less than 0.3, where the stripe oscillation period gets longer with increasing hole concentration. The charge homogeneous and highly superconducting state also exists as a metastable excited state for the doping concentration less than 0.25.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 1, 2017

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