Valley-Polarized Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Ferrimagnetic Honeycomb Lattices

Valley-Polarized Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Ferrimagnetic Honeycomb Lattices The valley-polarized quantum anomalous Hall effect (VP-QAHE), which combines valleytronics and topology in one material, is of significant fundamental and practical importance in condensed-matter physics and materials science. In previous model studies, VP-QAHE occurs under strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC), which is an extrinsic effect. Here, using a low energy k·p model, we propose a different mechanism of VP-QAHE by introducing an intrinsic staggered magnetic exchange field and develop a general picture of valley dependent band inversion in honeycomb lattice. Using first-principles calculation, this new mechanism is further demonstrated in the Co decorated In-triangle adlayer on a Si(111) surface. This system is equivalent to a ferrimagnetic honeycomb lattice, and the supported adlayer is experimentally more feasible in synthesis, thus exhibiting advantages over the existing studies based on Rashba SOC and free-standing sheets. The underlying physical mechanism is generally applicable, opening a new avenue for exploration of substrate supported VP-QAHE. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS)

Valley-Polarized Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Ferrimagnetic Honeycomb Lattices

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Valley-Polarized Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Ferrimagnetic Honeycomb Lattices

Abstract

The valley-polarized quantum anomalous Hall effect (VP-QAHE), which combines valleytronics and topology in one material, is of significant fundamental and practical importance in condensed-matter physics and materials science. In previous model studies, VP-QAHE occurs under strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC), which is an extrinsic effect. Here, using a low energy k·p model, we propose a different mechanism of VP-QAHE by introducing an intrinsic staggered magnetic exchange field and develop a general picture of valley dependent band inversion in honeycomb lattice. Using first-principles calculation, this new mechanism is further demonstrated in the Co decorated In-triangle adlayer on a Si(111) surface. This system is equivalent to a ferrimagnetic honeycomb lattice, and the supported adlayer is experimentally more feasible in synthesis, thus exhibiting advantages over the existing studies based on Rashba SOC and free-standing sheets. The underlying physical mechanism is generally applicable, opening a new avenue for exploration of substrate supported VP-QAHE.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © © 2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
0031-9007
eISSN
1079-7114
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.046403
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The valley-polarized quantum anomalous Hall effect (VP-QAHE), which combines valleytronics and topology in one material, is of significant fundamental and practical importance in condensed-matter physics and materials science. In previous model studies, VP-QAHE occurs under strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC), which is an extrinsic effect. Here, using a low energy k·p model, we propose a different mechanism of VP-QAHE by introducing an intrinsic staggered magnetic exchange field and develop a general picture of valley dependent band inversion in honeycomb lattice. Using first-principles calculation, this new mechanism is further demonstrated in the Co decorated In-triangle adlayer on a Si(111) surface. This system is equivalent to a ferrimagnetic honeycomb lattice, and the supported adlayer is experimentally more feasible in synthesis, thus exhibiting advantages over the existing studies based on Rashba SOC and free-standing sheets. The underlying physical mechanism is generally applicable, opening a new avenue for exploration of substrate supported VP-QAHE.

Journal

Physical Review LettersAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 28, 2017

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