Universal upper bounds on the Bose-Einstein condensate and the Hubbard star

Universal upper bounds on the Bose-Einstein condensate and the Hubbard star For N hard-core bosons on an arbitrary lattice with d sites and independent of additional interaction terms we prove that the hard-core constraint itself already enforces a universal upper bound on the Bose-Einstein condensate given by Nmax=(N/d)(d−N+1). This bound can only be attained for one-particle states |φ⟩ with equal amplitudes with respect to the hard-core basis (sites) and when the corresponding N-particle state |Ψ⟩ is maximally delocalized. This result is generalized to the maximum condensate possible within a given sublattice. We observe that such maximal local condensation is only possible if the mode entanglement between the sublattice and its complement is minimal. We also show that the maximizing state |Ψ⟩ is related to the ground state of a bosonic “Hubbard star” showing Bose-Einstein condensation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Universal upper bounds on the Bose-Einstein condensate and the Hubbard star

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Universal upper bounds on the Bose-Einstein condensate and the Hubbard star

Abstract

For N hard-core bosons on an arbitrary lattice with d sites and independent of additional interaction terms we prove that the hard-core constraint itself already enforces a universal upper bound on the Bose-Einstein condensate given by Nmax=(N/d)(d−N+1). This bound can only be attained for one-particle states |φ⟩ with equal amplitudes with respect to the hard-core basis (sites) and when the corresponding N-particle state |Ψ⟩ is maximally delocalized. This result is generalized to the maximum condensate possible within a given sublattice. We observe that such maximal local condensation is only possible if the mode entanglement between the sublattice and its complement is minimal. We also show that the maximizing state |Ψ⟩ is related to the ground state of a bosonic “Hubbard star” showing Bose-Einstein condensation.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.064502
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

For N hard-core bosons on an arbitrary lattice with d sites and independent of additional interaction terms we prove that the hard-core constraint itself already enforces a universal upper bound on the Bose-Einstein condensate given by Nmax=(N/d)(d−N+1). This bound can only be attained for one-particle states |φ⟩ with equal amplitudes with respect to the hard-core basis (sites) and when the corresponding N-particle state |Ψ⟩ is maximally delocalized. This result is generalized to the maximum condensate possible within a given sublattice. We observe that such maximal local condensation is only possible if the mode entanglement between the sublattice and its complement is minimal. We also show that the maximizing state |Ψ⟩ is related to the ground state of a bosonic “Hubbard star” showing Bose-Einstein condensation.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 2, 2017

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