Ultrafast dynamics in ferrimagnetic materials with a quantum Monte Carlo atomistic model
AbstractWe investigate the ultrafast dynamics of the atomic angular momentum in ferrimagnets irradiated by laser pulses. Our study is based on a quantum atomistic approach and the particle dynamics is performed using a Monte Carlo technique. We focus on microscopic mechanisms that lead to the dissipation of the total angular momentum in a rare earth–transition metal (RE-TM) alloy in which the two sublattices have opposite spin orientation. We describe the coherent transfer of atomic angular momentum between the spin and the orbital momentum. The orbital momentum quenching induced by the lattice field and the Elliott-Yafet collision mechanism are also included. The simulations show that the observed ultrafast magnetization quenching may be explained at a microscopical level by the combined effects of the coherent spin transfer between the RE and the TM sublattices along with the quenching of the localized orbital angular momentum induced by the lattice field.