Two-dimensional electron systems in ATiO3 perovskites (A=Ca, Ba, Sr): Control of orbital hybridization and energy order

Two-dimensional electron systems in ATiO3 perovskites (A=Ca, Ba, Sr): Control of orbital... We report the existence of a two-dimensional electron system (2DES) at the (001) surface of CaTiO3. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we find a hybridization between the dxz and dyz orbitals, not observed in the 2DESs at the surfaces of other ATiO3 perovskites, e.g., SrTiO3 or BaTiO3. Based on a comparison of the 2DES properties in these three materials, we show how the electronic structure of the 2DES (bandwidth, orbital energy order, and electron density) is coupled to different typical lattice distortions in perovskites. The orbital hybridization in orthorhombic CaTiO3 results from the rotation of the oxygen octahedra, which can also occur at the interface of oxide heterostructures to compensate strain. More generally, the control of the orbital energy order in 2DES by choosing different A-site cations in perovskites offers a gateway toward 2DESs in oxide heterostructures beyond SrTiO3. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Two-dimensional electron systems in ATiO3 perovskites (A=Ca, Ba, Sr): Control of orbital hybridization and energy order

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Two-dimensional electron systems in ATiO3 perovskites (A=Ca, Ba, Sr): Control of orbital hybridization and energy order

Abstract

We report the existence of a two-dimensional electron system (2DES) at the (001) surface of CaTiO3. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we find a hybridization between the dxz and dyz orbitals, not observed in the 2DESs at the surfaces of other ATiO3 perovskites, e.g., SrTiO3 or BaTiO3. Based on a comparison of the 2DES properties in these three materials, we show how the electronic structure of the 2DES (bandwidth, orbital energy order, and electron density) is coupled to different typical lattice distortions in perovskites. The orbital hybridization in orthorhombic CaTiO3 results from the rotation of the oxygen octahedra, which can also occur at the interface of oxide heterostructures to compensate strain. More generally, the control of the orbital energy order in 2DES by choosing different A-site cations in perovskites offers a gateway toward 2DESs in oxide heterostructures beyond SrTiO3.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.041121
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We report the existence of a two-dimensional electron system (2DES) at the (001) surface of CaTiO3. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we find a hybridization between the dxz and dyz orbitals, not observed in the 2DESs at the surfaces of other ATiO3 perovskites, e.g., SrTiO3 or BaTiO3. Based on a comparison of the 2DES properties in these three materials, we show how the electronic structure of the 2DES (bandwidth, orbital energy order, and electron density) is coupled to different typical lattice distortions in perovskites. The orbital hybridization in orthorhombic CaTiO3 results from the rotation of the oxygen octahedra, which can also occur at the interface of oxide heterostructures to compensate strain. More generally, the control of the orbital energy order in 2DES by choosing different A-site cations in perovskites offers a gateway toward 2DESs in oxide heterostructures beyond SrTiO3.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 21, 2017

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