Tuning an effective spin chain of three strongly interacting one-dimensional fermions with the transversal confinement
AbstractStrongly interacting one-dimensional fermions form an effective spin chain in the absence of an external lattice potential. We show that the exchange coefficients of such a chain may be locally tuned by properly tailoring the transversal confinement. In particular, in the vicinity of a confinement-induced resonance (CIR) the exchange coefficients may have simultaneously opposite ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic characters at different locations along the trap axis. Moreover, the local exchanges may be engineered to induce avoided crossings between spin states at the CIR, and hence a ramp across the resonance may be employed to create different spin states and to induce spin dynamics in the chain. We show that such unusual spin chains have already been realized in the experiment of Murmann et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 215301 (2015)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.115.215301].